The transfer of knowledge can be a rather complex path, requiring a special attention in terms of methods. In this case, a simplified version of the ‘Knowledge spiral’ (Nonaka and Takeuchi, 1995, pp. 71-73) was used as base. Accordingly, an explicit knowledge (objective) and a tacit knowledge (subjective) were distinguished and considered. Moreover, the knowledge was also recognized as specific, analytic or expertise. Beyond technicalities on methods, in practical terms, the action was finally split in four work packages (WPs), with the initial two mainly addressed to knowledge transfer and consolidation, and the other two for knowledge spreading and use. In details:
WP1 – ‘Finding by dialogs’
Period: 03.2021 – 10.2021
Description: WP1 is based on the ‘externalization’ of knowledge from the EU know-how providers toward the WB benefitting institutions. It represents a process of ‘formal education’ performed by activities of ‘socialization’ as teaching & training; story telling & learning; exchange of best practices.
Actions: desk research & documentary acquisition; didactic material development; invited lectures (in MNE and BHI); Training of Trainers (ToT); case reports analysis.
Roles: U.MNE (coordination, developer, trainees); U.BO (trainers); U.CAM (trainers); U.LJ (users, trainees); U.SA (users, trainees); U.BL (users, trainees); U.KIM (users, trainees)
WP2 – ‘Learning by doing’
Period: 06.2021 – 12.2022
Description: WP2 is based on the ‘internalization’ of knowledge from the WB benefitting institutions. It represents a process of ‘systemic education’ achieved by activities of ‘operational learning’ and procedural insights on the technical topic.
Actions: mentoring; peer assists; study visits (in Italy); training on materials (in Italy and MNE); training on research equipment (in Italy, as clean rooms, autoclave and CNC machines for composites); in-lab tests (in MNE, BHI); prototyping (single parts/components).
Roles: U.MNE (users, trainees); U.BO (coordination, trainers); U.CAM (trainers); U.LJ (users, trainees); U.SA (users, trainees); U.BL (users, trainees); U.KIM (users, trainees)
WP3 – ‘Training by use’
Period: 09.2021 – 09.2022
Description: WP3 is based on the ‘consolidation’ of knowledge by developing a large range of technical competences and practical capacities thanks to a problem-solving approach based on design/manufacturing activities that involve the use of advanced composites.
Actions: on-the-job learning; prototyping (small production batches); out-of-lab tests (inside foreign research centres); training on production equipment (in Italy); internships (WB researchers in Italy); secondments (EU researchers in MNE)
Roles: U.MNE (users, trainees); U.BO (coordination, trainers)
WP4 – ‘Spreading by proofs’
Period: 09.2021 – 10.2022
Description: WP4 is based on the ‘widespreading’ of knowledge by a promotion plan based on activities as academic and not-academic diffusion of results.
Actions: ‘Communities of Practice’; events’ organisation (in MNE and Italy); scientific publications; technical reports; changes in the University didactical programmes. Roles: U.MNE (users, trainees); U.BO (coordination, trainers); U.CAM (trainers); U.LJ (users, trainees); U.SA (users, trainees); U.BL (users, trainees); U.KIM (users, trainees)